Like the priest, the doctor was an employee of the Crespi family. Physical health was understood to be just as important as spiritual health. In fact, Silvio Crespi was worried about accidents and illnesses that could threaten the workers’ productivity. Hence, the role of the doctor was equivalent to that of the priest, but aimed at protecting physical health.

Accidents of varying gravity are common during a twelve-hour workday, where workers rotated from one week of day shifts to a week of night shifts, without rest days. The doctor was also expected to cure the chronic illnesses that developed from factory work.